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Introduction to Pregnancy and the changes during the three trimesters of pregnancy.

A missed period is often the primary sign that you could also be pregnant. Pregnancy is the nine-month process of conceiving a child who is finally born into the world. The last menstrual cycle. Pregnancy/fetal development Pregnancy lasts nine months and starts when sperm enters the egg. After a day and a half, a fertilized egg began to split. After two to three days, there will be enough new cells to make an egg the size of a pin. In the first month of pregnancy, the baby is still an embryo, composed of two layers, and will soon be formed in a part of the body and organs. In the first two weeks of pregnancy, the woman is not an embryo. indeed

Pregnancy has gone through multiple stages:

  • Pregnancy

  • Preparation and planning for pregnancy

  • All stages of intrauterine development

  • Labor Pain and delivery

  • Post-natal care of Newborn

  1. Changes in the body during pregnancy

A woman's body goes through numerous changes during the nine months of pregnancy. A portion of these actual changes are apparent, for example, an extending tummy and weight acquire, while others are notable, like an amplified uterus, morning disorder and spinal pains. Either way, some significant changes can be unforeseen and leave some women unsuspecting. For example, a shock or change in some pregnant ladies is an expansion in breast size. As a result, women's breast size will require modification persistently throughout maternity. A second out of the blue amendment is unhealthy veins within the genitalia. Ladies might expect unhealthy veins in their legs throughout the physiological state. However, veins close to the epithelial duct and female genitals may also become swollen and set out typically within the trimester. Although swollen veins during this space is uncomfortable, they tend to travel away when delivered. Women's pregnancy goes through three trimesters, and their body has different changes during the three trimesters. 

  • Changes in first trimester

            First triemester From 1st week to 12 weeks

Their square measure some obvious changes throughout the primary trimester, like your periods stop that allow you recognize whether or not you're pregnant. You'll notice the changes in your breast like darken space around your nipples. You'll expertise the sudden mood swings that square measure quite traditional. You can expect many alternative physical changes within the coming weeks, including:

a. Breast size increase: Soon when conception, secretion changes would possibly create your breasts sensitive or sore. 

The amounts of estrogen and progesterone in your body are affected by pregnancy. These hormones are responsible for many of the changes you may observe and play an important role in preparing the breasts for lactation. For example, you may undergo an ache that stretched up into your armpits. The Tail of Spence is a type of breast tissue found in that area. You may also be aware of changes to your nipples. They may emerge as large and more sensitive, and you could notice a darkening of the areola.

B. Fatigue

Fatigue is formally taken into consideration as an everyday lack of strength. However, a few ladies notice pregnancy weariness as right on time as multi-week after conception. 

 Reasons that lead to fatigue- During the first trimester of pregnancy, your body will produce a placenta, an organ specially produced for pregnant women to provide the baby with the nutrients and oxygen needed for fetus growth is a tough job and will deplete the body. Fatigue during pregnancy is mainly due to increased progesterone hormones, which help your pregnancy and increases breast secretions required for adult breastfeeding. The increased blood supply requires the creation and pumping of additional blood to provide nutrition and oxygen to the baby, making him feel tired. The need to create and pump extra blood to provide nutrition and oxygen to the baby may also make you feel tired.

C. Food carving- you would possibly become additional sensitive to bound odors, and your sense of style might change. Like most different symptoms of pregnancy, food preferences may be chalked up to secretion changes.

D. Skin changes-  Changes in your skin You may notice that your skin looks rosier and more radiant. Some people call it a "pregnancy glow." It is caused by increased blood flow. 

E.  Emotional symptoms- Hormonal overload during pregnancy. You may feel moody, forgetful, or unable to concentrate. 


2. Changes during the second trimester: In the second trimester of pregnancy, the body may change, including the growth of the abdomen and breasts. When the uterus expands to make room for the baby, the abdomen grows. In addition, your breasts will gradually become larger. You may sense those mild, abnormal contractions as a mild tightness to your belly. Due to the boom of hormone increase, you could additionally be afflicted by stuffiness and nosebleeds. Being pregnant additionally impacts dental issues. Pregnancy can purpose your gums to emerge as extra touchy to flossing and brushing, ensuing in minor bleeding. You will also notice that the vaginal discharge is sticky, transparent, or whitish, which is normal.


3. Changes in third Trimester- The third trimester marks the final stage of preparing for a baby. The weight and size of the fetus continue to grow, and the body system is fully mature. You may feel uncomfortable now. However, you will continue to gain weight. Swelling and slow blood flow and retention of body fluids can cause swelling of the legs, ankles, feet, hands, and face if the swelling of your hands and face become severe. Also you will suffer from the shortness of breadth. Your weight should even out as you get closer to delivery. As labor approaches, your weight more starts ro increase. Leucorrhea may increase. If there is a leak of fluid or blood, please contact your doctor immediately. As babies grow, their skin will stretch more and more from stretch marks. They can be seen as fine wrinkles on the skin. They usually appear on the abdomen, chest, and thighs. As your baby continues to grow, he or she will run out of space to move around in the womb, which may result in less exercise you notice throughout the day. If you are concerned about a sedentary lifestyle, please call your doctor. The baby's weight is placed on the veins in the lower back, making it difficult for your back to fall asleep. It can also slow down blood flow from the lower body to the lower back to the heart.


In short, it is obvious that the pregnant woman's body changes. For all women, the situation may be different. Not all women experience the same changes. In women, the craving for food can vary greatly. These changes are reasonable, but if there are serious problems during each pregnancy that your body cannot tolerate, please seek medical attention immediately.


Karamjit Kaur

author

I am blogger at Batif services private limited .

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